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固态磁性导论 莫翰

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固态磁性导论 (奥)莫翰 定价: ¥39.00 作者: 出版社: 出版时间: ISBN:9787510050466 图书详情 ...

固态磁性导论  (奥)莫翰

固态磁性导论 (奥)莫翰
定        价: ¥39.00
作        者:
出  版  社:
出版时间:
ISBN:9787510050466

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   图书基本信息
图书名称 固态磁性导论 作者 (奥)莫翰
定价 39.00元 出版社 世界图书出版公司
ISBN 9787510050466 出版日期 2013-01-01
字数 页码 229
版次 1 装帧 平装
开本 24开 商品重量 0.4Kg

   内容简介
  The present greatly enlarged version was mainly written duringa sabbatical at the university of Uppsala during 2000. The aim ofthe book is to present a largely phenomenological introduction tothe field of solid state magism at a relatively elementarylevel. The two basic concepts of magism in solids namely thelocalized and the delocalized description are presented as theextreme approaches. The true nature of magism lies, as often inlife, somewhere in between, sometimes showing a tendency towardsthe more localized side, sometimes tending to the delocalized side.It is perhaps this mixing of concepts which makes magism appearplicated and difficult. Another source of confusion is thedifferent language used by theoreticians and experimentalists. Ihave tried very hard to clarify these rather more semantic problemsand to use a uniform nomenclature throughout the book. It is mybelief and my experience that the approach presented here providesa useful introduction not only for the physicist, but also for theinterested reader ing from fields like chenustry, electricalengineering or even geo-sciences. The mathematical concepts usedare kept rather simple and hardly ever go beyond an undergraduatecourse in mathematics for physicists, chemists or engineering.Since the book emerged from a lecture course I have given at ViennaUniversity of Technology for the last 15 years, the chapters in thebook are not pletely self-contained.The first-time reader isthus advised to read the chapters in the sequence that they appearin the book. It is my sincere hope that after having read this bookthe reader will agree that for once the Encyclopedia Brittanica isin error when it states Few subjects in, science are m,oredifficult to un,derstan,than magn.etism, (Encyclopedia Brittanica,15th edition 1989).

  The present book does not attempt to cover the whole field ofsolid state magism, but tries to provide an overview byselecting special topics. The idea is to create an interest in thisfascinating field in which quantum mechanics, thermodynamics andputer simulations join forces to explain 'Magism in the SolidState'.


   作者简介
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   目录
1. A Historical Introduction

2. Consequences ofFermi Statistics

2.1 Quantum Statistics of Fermions

2.2 Free Energy of the Fermi Gas

3. Paramagism

4. Energy Bands in the Crystal

5. Experimental Basis of Ferromagism

5.1 Nickel Alloys

5.2 Iron Alloys

5.3 Palladium Alloys

5.4 Iron-Nickel Alloys

5.5 Effects of Strong Magic Fields

5.6 Effects of High Pressure

5.7 Effects of Finite Temperature

5.8 Susceptibility above Tc

5.8.1 Susceptibility of “Classical Spins”

5.9 Critical. Exponents

5.10 Neutron Diffraction

5.11 Further Experimental Methods

6. Weiss Molecular Field Model

6.1 Rhodes-Wohlfarth Plot

7. Heisenberg Model

7.1 Magnon Operators

7.2 Heisenberg Hamiltonian in Magnon Variables

7.3 Magnon Dispersion Relation

7.3.1 Specific Heat of Magnons

7.3.2 Ordering Temperature

7.4 Approximations for the Heisenberg Model

7.4.1 Ising Model

7.4.2 XY Model

7.4.3 Mean Field Solutions of the Heisenberg Model

8. Itinerant Electrons at O K

8.1 Pauli Susceptibility of the Itinerant Electrons

8.2 Susceptibility of the Interacting Itinerant Electrons

8.3 Non linear Effects

8.4 Effects of IIigh Fields at O K

8.4.1 Non-magic Limit

8.4.2 Strong Ferromags

8.4.3 Weak Ferromags

8.4.4 bcc Iron and hcp Cobalt

8.4.5 Extremely High Fields

8.4.6 Metamagism

8.5 Susceptibility of Paramagic Alloys

9. Band Gap Theory of Strong Ferromagism

9.1 Magism of Alloys

10. Magism and the Crystal Structure——Covalent Magism

10.1 Crystal Structure of Mn,Fe,Co,and Ni

10.2 Covalent Magism

10.3 Covalent Polarization

11. Magic Impurities in an Electron Gas

11.1 Impurity Potential in the Jellium

11.2 Strong Perturbations in the Jellium

11.3 Layer and Line Defects

11.4 Magic Impurities and Oscillations of theMagization

12. Itinerant Electrons at T〉O: A Historical Survey

12.1 Excitations at Low Temperatures

12.1.1 Strongly Ferromagic Systems

12.1.2 Weakly Ferromagic Systems

12.2 Stoner Theory for a Rectangular Band

12.3 Weak Excitations with ζ〈〈1

13. Hubbard Model

13.1 Beyond Hartree-Fock

14. Landau Theory for the Stoner Model

14.1 General Considerations

14.2 Application to the Stoner Model

15. Coupling Between Itinerant and Localized Moments

16. Origin of the Molecular Field

16.1 Heitler-London Theory for the Exchange Field

16.1.1 Magism of a Spin Cluster

16.1.2 Spinwaves for Localized Electrons

17. Exchange and Correlation in Metals

17.1 Free Electron Gas

17.2 Tightly Bound Electrons

18. Spin Fluctuations

18.1 Fluctuations of a Thermodynamical Variable

18.2 Fluctuations of the Magic Moment

18.3 Specific Heat of the Spin Fluctuations

18.4 Mago-Volume Coupling

18.5 Applications of the Spin Fluctuation Model

18.6 Comparing the Spin-Fluctuation and the Stoner-Model

19. Single Particle Excitations Versus Spin Waves

20. Landau-Ginzburg Model for Spin Fluctuations

21. Conclusion and Lookout

A. Appendices

A. Convexity Property of the Free Energy

B. Derivation of the Coefficient a in (3.17)

C. Quenching of the Orbital Momentum

D. Properties of “Classical” Spins

E. Derivation of the Constant c in (8.24)

F. Ornstein-Zernicke Extension

G. Bogoliubov-Peierls-Feynman Inequality

H. The Factor 2 in Equation (7.27)

I. Hund‘s Rules

J. Polynomial Coefficients in (18.12)

K. Conversion Between Magic Units

References

Index


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